FFmpeg coverage


Directory: ../../../ffmpeg/
File: src/libavcodec/vqavideo.c
Date: 2022-07-05 19:52:29
Exec Total Coverage
Lines: 198 400 49.5%
Branches: 100 237 42.2%

Line Branch Exec Source
1 /*
2 * Westwood Studios VQA Video Decoder
3 * Copyright (c) 2003 Mike Melanson <melanson@pcisys.net>
4 * Copyright (c) 2021 Pekka Väänänen <pekka.vaananen@iki.fi>
5 *
6 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
7 *
8 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
9 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
10 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
11 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
12 *
13 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
14 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
17 *
18 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
19 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
20 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
21 */
22
23 /**
24 * @file
25 * VQA Video Decoder
26 * @author Mike Melanson (melanson@pcisys.net)
27 * @see http://wiki.multimedia.cx/index.php?title=VQA
28 *
29 * The VQA video decoder outputs PAL8 or RGB555 colorspace data, depending
30 * on the type of data in the file.
31 *
32 * This decoder needs the 42-byte VQHD header from the beginning
33 * of the VQA file passed through the extradata field. The VQHD header
34 * is laid out as:
35 *
36 * bytes 0-3 chunk fourcc: 'VQHD'
37 * bytes 4-7 chunk size in big-endian format, should be 0x0000002A
38 * bytes 8-49 VQHD chunk data
39 *
40 * Bytes 8-49 are what this decoder expects to see.
41 *
42 * Briefly, VQA is a vector quantized animation format that operates in a
43 * VGA palettized colorspace. It operates on pixel vectors (blocks)
44 * of either 4x2 or 4x4 in size. Compressed VQA chunks can contain vector
45 * codebooks, palette information, and code maps for rendering vectors onto
46 * frames. Any of these components can also be compressed with a run-length
47 * encoding (RLE) algorithm commonly referred to as "format80".
48 *
49 * VQA takes a novel approach to rate control. Each group of n frames
50 * (usually, n = 8) relies on a different vector codebook. Rather than
51 * transporting an entire codebook every 8th frame, the new codebook is
52 * broken up into 8 pieces and sent along with the compressed video chunks
53 * for each of the 8 frames preceding the 8 frames which require the
54 * codebook. A full codebook is also sent on the very first frame of a
55 * file. This is an interesting technique, although it makes random file
56 * seeking difficult despite the fact that the frames are all intracoded.
57 *
58 * V1,2 VQA uses 12-bit codebook indexes. If the 12-bit indexes were
59 * packed into bytes and then RLE compressed, bytewise, the results would
60 * be poor. That is why the coding method divides each index into 2 parts,
61 * the top 4 bits and the bottom 8 bits, then RL encodes the 4-bit pieces
62 * together and the 8-bit pieces together. If most of the vectors are
63 * clustered into one group of 256 vectors, most of the 4-bit index pieces
64 * should be the same.
65 *
66 * VQA3 introduces a 15-bit high color codebook, delta coding, replaces
67 * the above "split byte" scheme with RLE compression, and extends the
68 * "format80" compression with relative references. In VQA3 the whole
69 * codebook is always updated as a whole without splitting it into pieces.
70 */
71
72 #include <stdio.h>
73 #include <stdlib.h>
74 #include <string.h>
75
76 #include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
77 #include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
78 #include "avcodec.h"
79 #include "bytestream.h"
80 #include "codec_internal.h"
81 #include "internal.h"
82
83 #define PALETTE_COUNT 256
84 #define VQA_HEADER_SIZE 0x2A
85
86 /* allocate the maximum vector space, regardless of the file version:
87 * (0xFF00 codebook vectors + 0x100 solid pixel vectors) * (4x4 pixels/block) */
88 #define MAX_CODEBOOK_VECTORS 0xFF00
89 #define SOLID_PIXEL_VECTORS 0x100
90 #define MAX_VECTORS (MAX_CODEBOOK_VECTORS + SOLID_PIXEL_VECTORS)
91 #define MAX_CODEBOOK_SIZE (MAX_VECTORS * 4 * 4 * sizeof(uint16_t))
92
93 #define CBF0_TAG MKBETAG('C', 'B', 'F', '0')
94 #define CBFZ_TAG MKBETAG('C', 'B', 'F', 'Z')
95 #define CBP0_TAG MKBETAG('C', 'B', 'P', '0')
96 #define CBPZ_TAG MKBETAG('C', 'B', 'P', 'Z')
97 #define CPL0_TAG MKBETAG('C', 'P', 'L', '0')
98 #define CPLZ_TAG MKBETAG('C', 'P', 'L', 'Z')
99 #define VPTZ_TAG MKBETAG('V', 'P', 'T', 'Z')
100 #define VPTR_TAG MKBETAG('V', 'P', 'T', 'R')
101 #define VPRZ_TAG MKBETAG('V', 'P', 'R', 'Z')
102
103 typedef struct VqaContext {
104 AVFrame *frame;
105 AVCodecContext *avctx;
106 GetByteContext gb;
107
108 uint32_t palette[PALETTE_COUNT];
109
110 int width; /* width of a frame */
111 int height; /* height of a frame */
112 int vector_width; /* width of individual vector */
113 int vector_height; /* height of individual vector */
114 int vqa_version; /* this should be either 1, 2 or 3 */
115
116 unsigned char *codebook; /* the current codebook */
117 int codebook_size;
118 unsigned char *next_codebook_buffer; /* accumulator for next codebook */
119 int next_codebook_buffer_index;
120
121 unsigned char *decode_buffer;
122 int decode_buffer_size;
123
124 /* number of frames to go before replacing codebook */
125 int partial_countdown;
126 int partial_count;
127 } VqaContext;
128
129 5 static av_cold int vqa_decode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx)
130 {
131 5 VqaContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
132 int i, j, codebook_index, ret;
133 int colors;
134
135 5 s->avctx = avctx;
136
137 /* make sure the extradata made it */
138
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5 if (s->avctx->extradata_size != VQA_HEADER_SIZE) {
139 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "expected extradata size of %d\n", VQA_HEADER_SIZE);
140 return AVERROR(EINVAL);
141 }
142
143 /* load up the VQA parameters from the header */
144 5 s->vqa_version = s->avctx->extradata[0];
145
146
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5 if (s->vqa_version < 1 || s->vqa_version > 3) {
147 avpriv_request_sample(avctx, "VQA Version %i", s->vqa_version);
148 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
149 }
150
151 5 s->width = AV_RL16(&s->avctx->extradata[6]);
152 5 s->height = AV_RL16(&s->avctx->extradata[8]);
153
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5 if ((ret = ff_set_dimensions(avctx, s->width, s->height)) < 0) {
154 s->width= s->height= 0;
155 return ret;
156 }
157 5 s->vector_width = s->avctx->extradata[10];
158 5 s->vector_height = s->avctx->extradata[11];
159 5 s->partial_count = s->partial_countdown = s->avctx->extradata[13];
160
161 5 colors = (s->avctx->extradata[14] << 8) | s->avctx->extradata[15];
162
163
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5 if (colors > 0) {
164 4 avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_PAL8;
165 } else {
166 1 avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_RGB555LE;
167 }
168
169 /* the vector dimensions have to meet very stringent requirements */
170
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5 if ((s->vector_width != 4) ||
171
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5 ((s->vector_height != 2) && (s->vector_height != 4))) {
172 /* return without further initialization */
173 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
174 }
175
176
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5 if (s->width % s->vector_width || s->height % s->vector_height) {
177 av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Image size not multiple of block size\n");
178 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
179 }
180
181 5 s->frame = av_frame_alloc();
182
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5 if (!s->frame)
183 return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
184
185 /* allocate codebooks */
186 5 s->codebook_size = MAX_CODEBOOK_SIZE;
187 5 s->codebook = av_malloc(s->codebook_size);
188
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5 if (!s->codebook)
189 return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
190 5 s->next_codebook_buffer = av_malloc(s->codebook_size);
191
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5 if (!s->next_codebook_buffer)
192 return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
193
194 /* allocate decode buffer */
195 5 s->decode_buffer_size = (s->width / s->vector_width) *
196 5 (s->height / s->vector_height) * 2;
197 5 s->decode_buffer = av_mallocz(s->decode_buffer_size);
198
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5 if (!s->decode_buffer)
199 return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
200
201 /* initialize the solid-color vectors */
202
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5 if (s->vector_height == 4) {
203 codebook_index = 0xFF00 * 16;
204 for (i = 0; i < 256; i++)
205 for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
206 s->codebook[codebook_index++] = i;
207 } else {
208 5 codebook_index = 0xF00 * 8;
209
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1285 for (i = 0; i < 256; i++)
210
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11520 for (j = 0; j < 8; j++)
211 10240 s->codebook[codebook_index++] = i;
212 }
213 5 s->next_codebook_buffer_index = 0;
214
215 5 return 0;
216 }
217
218 #define CHECK_COUNT() \
219 if (dest_index + count > dest_size) { \
220 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "decode_format80 problem: next op would overflow dest_index\n"); \
221 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "current dest_index = %d, count = %d, dest_size = %d\n", \
222 dest_index, count, dest_size); \
223 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA; \
224 }
225
226 #define CHECK_COPY(idx) \
227 if (idx < 0 || idx + count > dest_size) { \
228 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "decode_format80 problem: next op would overflow dest_index\n"); \
229 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "current src_pos = %d, count = %d, dest_size = %d\n", \
230 src_pos, count, dest_size); \
231 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA; \
232 }
233
234
235 38 static int decode_format80(VqaContext *s, int src_size,
236 unsigned char *dest, int dest_size, int check_size) {
237
238 38 int dest_index = 0;
239 int count, opcode, start;
240 int src_pos;
241 unsigned char color;
242 int i;
243 38 int relative = 0;
244
245
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38 if (src_size < 0 || src_size > bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&s->gb)) {
246 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Chunk size %d is out of range\n",
247 src_size);
248 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
249 }
250
251 /* the "new" scheme makes references relative to destination pointer */
252
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38 if (bytestream2_peek_byte(&s->gb) == 0x00) {
253 relative = 1;
254 bytestream2_get_byte(&s->gb);
255 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "found new format stream ");
256 }
257
258 38 start = bytestream2_tell(&s->gb);
259
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44627 while (bytestream2_tell(&s->gb) - start < src_size) {
260 44627 opcode = bytestream2_get_byte(&s->gb);
261 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "opcode %02X: ", opcode);
262
263 /* 0x80 means that frame is finished */
264
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44627 if (opcode == 0x80)
265 38 break;
266
267
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44589 if (dest_index >= dest_size) {
268 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "decode_format80 problem: dest_index (%d) exceeded dest_size (%d)\n",
269 dest_index, dest_size);
270 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
271 }
272
273
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44589 if (opcode == 0xFF) {
274
275 265 count = bytestream2_get_le16(&s->gb);
276 265 src_pos = bytestream2_get_le16(&s->gb);
277
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265 if (relative)
278 src_pos = dest_index - src_pos;
279 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "(1) copy %X bytes from pos %X\n", count, src_pos);
280
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265 CHECK_COUNT();
281
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265 CHECK_COPY(src_pos);
282
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24430 for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
283 24165 dest[dest_index + i] = dest[src_pos + i];
284 265 dest_index += count;
285
286
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44324 } else if (opcode == 0xFE) {
287
288 440 count = bytestream2_get_le16(&s->gb);
289 440 color = bytestream2_get_byte(&s->gb);
290 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "(2) set %X bytes to %02X\n", count, color);
291
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440 CHECK_COUNT();
292 440 memset(&dest[dest_index], color, count);
293 440 dest_index += count;
294
295
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43884 } else if ((opcode & 0xC0) == 0xC0) {
296
297 8741 count = (opcode & 0x3F) + 3;
298 8741 src_pos = bytestream2_get_le16(&s->gb);
299
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8741 if (relative)
300 src_pos = dest_index - src_pos;
301 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "(3) copy %X bytes from pos %X\n", count, src_pos);
302
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8741 CHECK_COUNT();
303
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8741 CHECK_COPY(src_pos);
304
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190403 for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
305 181662 dest[dest_index + i] = dest[src_pos + i];
306 8741 dest_index += count;
307
308
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35143 } else if (opcode > 0x80) {
309
310 12393 count = opcode & 0x3F;
311 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "(4) copy %X bytes from source to dest\n", count);
312
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12393 CHECK_COUNT();
313 12393 bytestream2_get_buffer(&s->gb, &dest[dest_index], count);
314 12393 dest_index += count;
315
316 } else {
317
318 22750 count = ((opcode & 0x70) >> 4) + 3;
319 22750 src_pos = bytestream2_get_byte(&s->gb) | ((opcode & 0x0F) << 8);
320 ff_tlog(s->avctx, "(5) copy %X bytes from relpos %X\n", count, src_pos);
321
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22750 CHECK_COUNT();
322
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22750 CHECK_COPY(dest_index - src_pos);
323
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136572 for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
324 113822 dest[dest_index + i] = dest[dest_index - src_pos + i];
325 22750 dest_index += count;
326 }
327 }
328
329 /* validate that the entire destination buffer was filled; this is
330 * important for decoding frame maps since each vector needs to have a
331 * codebook entry; it is not important for compressed codebooks because
332 * not every entry needs to be filled */
333
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38 if (check_size)
334
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38 if (dest_index < dest_size) {
335 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "decode_format80 problem: decode finished with dest_index (%d) < dest_size (%d)\n",
336 dest_index, dest_size);
337 memset(dest + dest_index, 0, dest_size - dest_index);
338 }
339
340 38 return 0; // let's display what we decoded anyway
341 }
342
343 39 static int vqa_decode_frame_pal8(VqaContext *s, AVFrame *frame)
344 {
345 unsigned int chunk_type;
346 unsigned int chunk_size;
347 int byte_skip;
348 39 unsigned int index = 0;
349 int i;
350 unsigned char r, g, b;
351 int index_shift;
352 int res;
353
354 39 int cbf0_chunk = -1;
355 39 int cbfz_chunk = -1;
356 39 int cbp0_chunk = -1;
357 39 int cbpz_chunk = -1;
358 39 int cpl0_chunk = -1;
359 39 int cplz_chunk = -1;
360 39 int vptz_chunk = -1;
361
362 int x, y;
363 39 int lines = 0;
364 int pixel_ptr;
365 39 int vector_index = 0;
366 39 int lobyte = 0;
367 39 int hibyte = 0;
368 39 int lobytes = 0;
369 39 int hibytes = s->decode_buffer_size / 2;
370
371 /* first, traverse through the frame and find the subchunks */
372
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118 while (bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&s->gb) >= 8) {
373
374 79 chunk_type = bytestream2_get_be32u(&s->gb);
375 79 index = bytestream2_tell(&s->gb);
376 79 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32u(&s->gb);
377
378
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79 switch (chunk_type) {
379
380 1 case CBF0_TAG:
381 1 cbf0_chunk = index;
382 1 break;
383
384 case CBFZ_TAG:
385 cbfz_chunk = index;
386 break;
387
388 39 case CBP0_TAG:
389 39 cbp0_chunk = index;
390 39 break;
391
392 case CBPZ_TAG:
393 cbpz_chunk = index;
394 break;
395
396 1 case CPL0_TAG:
397 1 cpl0_chunk = index;
398 1 break;
399
400 case CPLZ_TAG:
401 cplz_chunk = index;
402 break;
403
404 38 case VPTZ_TAG:
405 38 vptz_chunk = index;
406 38 break;
407
408 default:
409 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Found unknown chunk type: %s (%08X)\n",
410 av_fourcc2str(av_bswap32(chunk_type)), chunk_type);
411 break;
412 }
413
414 79 byte_skip = chunk_size & 0x01;
415 79 bytestream2_skip(&s->gb, chunk_size + byte_skip);
416 }
417
418 /* next, deal with the palette */
419
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39 if ((cpl0_chunk != -1) && (cplz_chunk != -1)) {
420
421 /* a chunk should not have both chunk types */
422 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: found both CPL0 and CPLZ chunks\n");
423 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
424 }
425
426 /* decompress the palette chunk */
427 if (cplz_chunk != -1) {
428
429 /* yet to be handled */
430
431 }
432
433 /* convert the RGB palette into the machine's endian format */
434
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39 if (cpl0_chunk != -1) {
435
436 1 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cpl0_chunk, SEEK_SET);
437 1 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
438 /* sanity check the palette size */
439
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1 if (chunk_size / 3 > 256 || chunk_size > bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&s->gb)) {
440 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: found a palette chunk with %d colors\n",
441 chunk_size / 3);
442 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
443 }
444
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252 for (i = 0; i < chunk_size / 3; i++) {
445 /* scale by 4 to transform 6-bit palette -> 8-bit */
446 251 r = bytestream2_get_byteu(&s->gb) * 4;
447 251 g = bytestream2_get_byteu(&s->gb) * 4;
448 251 b = bytestream2_get_byteu(&s->gb) * 4;
449 251 s->palette[i] = 0xFFU << 24 | r << 16 | g << 8 | b;
450 251 s->palette[i] |= s->palette[i] >> 6 & 0x30303;
451 }
452 }
453
454 /* next, look for a full codebook */
455
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39 if ((cbf0_chunk != -1) && (cbfz_chunk != -1)) {
456
457 /* a chunk should not have both chunk types */
458 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: found both CBF0 and CBFZ chunks\n");
459 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
460 }
461
462 /* decompress the full codebook chunk */
463
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39 if (cbfz_chunk != -1) {
464
465 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cbfz_chunk, SEEK_SET);
466 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
467 if ((res = decode_format80(s, chunk_size, s->codebook,
468 s->codebook_size, 0)) < 0)
469 return res;
470 }
471
472 /* copy a full codebook */
473
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39 if (cbf0_chunk != -1) {
474
475 1 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cbf0_chunk, SEEK_SET);
476 1 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
477 /* sanity check the full codebook size */
478
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1 if (chunk_size > MAX_CODEBOOK_SIZE) {
479 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: CBF0 chunk too large (0x%X bytes)\n",
480 chunk_size);
481 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
482 }
483
484 1 bytestream2_get_buffer(&s->gb, s->codebook, chunk_size);
485 }
486
487 /* decode the frame */
488
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39 if (vptz_chunk == -1) {
489
490 /* something is wrong if there is no VPTZ chunk */
491 1 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: no VPTZ chunk found\n");
492 1 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
493 }
494
495 38 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, vptz_chunk, SEEK_SET);
496 38 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
497
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38 if ((res = decode_format80(s, chunk_size,
498 s->decode_buffer, s->decode_buffer_size, 1)) < 0)
499 return res;
500
501 /* render the final PAL8 frame */
502
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38 if (s->vector_height == 4)
503 index_shift = 4;
504 else
505 38 index_shift = 3;
506
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3838 for (y = 0; y < s->height; y += s->vector_height) {
507
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307800 for (x = 0; x < s->width; x += 4, lobytes++, hibytes++) {
508 304000 pixel_ptr = y * frame->linesize[0] + x;
509
510 /* get the vector index, the method for which varies according to
511 * VQA file version */
512
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304000 switch (s->vqa_version) {
513
514 case 1:
515 lobyte = s->decode_buffer[lobytes * 2];
516 hibyte = s->decode_buffer[(lobytes * 2) + 1];
517 vector_index = ((hibyte << 8) | lobyte) >> 3;
518 vector_index <<= index_shift;
519 lines = s->vector_height;
520 /* uniform color fill - a quick hack */
521 if (hibyte == 0xFF) {
522 while (lines--) {
523 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 0] = 255 - lobyte;
524 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 1] = 255 - lobyte;
525 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 2] = 255 - lobyte;
526 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 3] = 255 - lobyte;
527 pixel_ptr += frame->linesize[0];
528 }
529 lines=0;
530 }
531 break;
532
533 304000 case 2:
534 304000 lobyte = s->decode_buffer[lobytes];
535 304000 hibyte = s->decode_buffer[hibytes];
536 304000 vector_index = (hibyte << 8) | lobyte;
537 304000 vector_index <<= index_shift;
538 304000 lines = s->vector_height;
539 304000 break;
540
541 case 3:
542 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "VQA3 shouldn't have a color palette");
543 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
544 }
545
546
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912000 while (lines--) {
547 608000 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 0] = s->codebook[vector_index++];
548 608000 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 1] = s->codebook[vector_index++];
549 608000 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 2] = s->codebook[vector_index++];
550 608000 frame->data[0][pixel_ptr + 3] = s->codebook[vector_index++];
551 608000 pixel_ptr += frame->linesize[0];
552 }
553 }
554 }
555
556 /* handle partial codebook */
557
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38 if ((cbp0_chunk != -1) && (cbpz_chunk != -1)) {
558 /* a chunk should not have both chunk types */
559 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: found both CBP0 and CBPZ chunks\n");
560 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
561 }
562
563
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38 if (cbp0_chunk != -1) {
564
565 38 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cbp0_chunk, SEEK_SET);
566 38 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
567
568
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38 if (chunk_size > MAX_CODEBOOK_SIZE - s->next_codebook_buffer_index) {
569 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "cbp0 chunk too large (%u bytes)\n",
570 chunk_size);
571 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
572 }
573
574 /* accumulate partial codebook */
575 38 bytestream2_get_buffer(&s->gb, &s->next_codebook_buffer[s->next_codebook_buffer_index],
576 chunk_size);
577 38 s->next_codebook_buffer_index += chunk_size;
578
579 38 s->partial_countdown--;
580
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38 if (s->partial_countdown <= 0) {
581
582 /* time to replace codebook */
583 4 memcpy(s->codebook, s->next_codebook_buffer,
584 4 s->next_codebook_buffer_index);
585
586 /* reset accounting */
587 4 s->next_codebook_buffer_index = 0;
588 4 s->partial_countdown = s->partial_count;
589 }
590 }
591
592
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38 if (cbpz_chunk != -1) {
593
594 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cbpz_chunk, SEEK_SET);
595 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
596
597 if (chunk_size > MAX_CODEBOOK_SIZE - s->next_codebook_buffer_index) {
598 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "cbpz chunk too large (%u bytes)\n",
599 chunk_size);
600 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
601 }
602
603 /* accumulate partial codebook */
604 bytestream2_get_buffer(&s->gb, &s->next_codebook_buffer[s->next_codebook_buffer_index],
605 chunk_size);
606 s->next_codebook_buffer_index += chunk_size;
607
608 s->partial_countdown--;
609 if (s->partial_countdown <= 0) {
610 bytestream2_init(&s->gb, s->next_codebook_buffer, s->next_codebook_buffer_index);
611 /* decompress codebook */
612 res = decode_format80(s, s->next_codebook_buffer_index,
613 s->codebook, s->codebook_size, 0);
614
615 /* reset accounting */
616 s->next_codebook_buffer_index = 0;
617 s->partial_countdown = s->partial_count;
618 if (res < 0)
619 return res;
620 }
621 }
622
623 38 return 0;
624 }
625
626 static int vqa_decode_frame_hicolor(VqaContext *s, AVFrame *frame)
627 {
628 unsigned int chunk_type;
629 unsigned int chunk_size;
630 unsigned int index = 0;
631 int res;
632
633 int cbf0_chunk = -1;
634 int cbfz_chunk = -1;
635 int vptr_chunk = -1;
636 int vprz_chunk = -1;
637
638 GetByteContext gb_stream;
639
640 while (bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&s->gb) >= 8) {
641 chunk_type = bytestream2_get_be32u(&s->gb);
642 index = bytestream2_tell(&s->gb);
643 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32u(&s->gb);
644
645 switch (chunk_type) {
646 case CBF0_TAG:
647 cbf0_chunk = index;
648 break;
649 case CBFZ_TAG:
650 cbfz_chunk = index;
651 break;
652 case VPTR_TAG:
653 vptr_chunk = index;
654 break;
655 case VPRZ_TAG:
656 vprz_chunk = index;
657 break;
658 default:
659 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Found unknown chunk type: %s (%08X)\n",
660 av_fourcc2str(av_bswap32(chunk_type)), chunk_type);
661 break;
662 }
663
664 bytestream2_skip(&s->gb, chunk_size + (chunk_size & 0x01));
665 }
666
667 /* next, look for a full codebook */
668 if ((cbf0_chunk != -1) && (cbfz_chunk != -1)) {
669 /* a chunk should not have both chunk types */
670 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: found both CBF0 and CBFZ chunks\n");
671 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
672 }
673
674 /* decompress the full codebook chunk */
675 if (cbfz_chunk != -1) {
676 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cbfz_chunk, SEEK_SET);
677 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
678 if ((res = decode_format80(s, chunk_size, s->codebook,
679 s->codebook_size, 0)) < 0)
680 return res;
681 }
682
683 /* copy a full codebook */
684 if (cbf0_chunk != -1) {
685 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, cbf0_chunk, SEEK_SET);
686 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
687 /* sanity check the full codebook size */
688 if (chunk_size > MAX_CODEBOOK_SIZE) {
689 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "problem: CBF0 chunk too large (0x%X bytes)\n",
690 chunk_size);
691 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
692 }
693
694 bytestream2_get_buffer(&s->gb, s->codebook, chunk_size);
695 }
696
697 /* decode the frame */
698
699 if (vptr_chunk != -1) {
700 /* copy uncompressed tile data */
701 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, vptr_chunk, SEEK_SET);
702 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
703 if (chunk_size > s->decode_buffer_size) {
704 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "VPTR chunk didn't fit in decode buffer");
705 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
706 }
707 bytestream2_get_buffer(&s->gb, s->decode_buffer, chunk_size);
708 } else if (vprz_chunk != -1) {
709 /* decompress the tile data */
710 bytestream2_seek(&s->gb, vprz_chunk, SEEK_SET);
711
712 chunk_size = bytestream2_get_be32(&s->gb);
713 if ((res = decode_format80(s, chunk_size, s->decode_buffer, s->decode_buffer_size, 0)) < 0)
714 return res;
715 } else {
716 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "frame has no block data\n");
717 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
718 }
719
720 /* now uncompress the per-row RLE of the decode buffer and draw the blocks in framebuffer */
721
722 bytestream2_init(&gb_stream, s->decode_buffer, s->decode_buffer_size);
723
724 for (int y_pos = 0; y_pos < s->height; y_pos += s->vector_height) {
725 int x_pos = 0;
726
727 while (x_pos < s->width) {
728 int vector_index = 0;
729 int count = 0;
730 uint16_t code;
731 int type;
732
733 if (bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&gb_stream) < 2)
734 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
735
736 code = bytestream2_get_le16(&gb_stream);
737
738 type = code >> 13;
739 code &= 0x1fff;
740
741 if (type == 0) {
742 x_pos += 4 * code;
743 continue;
744 } else if (type < 3) {
745 vector_index = code & 0xff;
746 count = ((code & 0x1f00) >> 7) + 1 + type;
747 } else if (type < 5) {
748 vector_index = code;
749 count = 1;
750 } else if (type < 7) {
751 vector_index = code;
752 count = bytestream2_get_byte(&gb_stream);
753 } else {
754 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, " unknown type in VPTR chunk (%d)\n",type);
755 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
756 }
757
758 if (count < 0 || count > (s->width - x_pos) / s->vector_width) {
759 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "invalid count: %d\n", count);
760 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
761 }
762
763 while (count-- && x_pos < s->width) {
764 const int bytes_per_vector = 4 * s->vector_height * sizeof(uint16_t);
765 unsigned char *src = s->codebook + vector_index * bytes_per_vector;
766 unsigned char *dst = s->frame->data[0] + y_pos * s->frame->linesize[0]
767 + sizeof(uint16_t) * x_pos;
768
769 if (vector_index >= MAX_VECTORS)
770 return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
771
772 for (int y = 0; y < s->vector_height; y++) {
773 int size = 4 * sizeof(uint16_t);
774 memcpy(dst, src, size);
775 dst += s->frame->linesize[0];
776 src += size;
777 }
778
779 /* we might want to read the next block index from stream */
780 if ((type == 2) && count > 0) {
781 vector_index = bytestream2_get_byte(&gb_stream);
782 }
783
784 x_pos += 4;
785 }
786
787 if (count > 0) {
788 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "had %d leftover vectors\n", count);
789 return AVERROR_BUG;
790 }
791 }
792 }
793
794 return 0;
795 }
796
797 39 static int vqa_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVFrame *rframe,
798 int *got_frame, AVPacket *avpkt)
799 {
800 39 VqaContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
801 int res;
802
803
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39 if ((res = ff_reget_buffer(avctx, s->frame, 0)) < 0)
804 return res;
805
806 39 bytestream2_init(&s->gb, avpkt->data, avpkt->size);
807
808
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39 if (avctx->pix_fmt == AV_PIX_FMT_PAL8) {
809
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39 if ((res = vqa_decode_frame_pal8(s, s->frame)) < 0)
810 1 return res;
811
812 /* make the palette available on the way out */
813 38 memcpy(s->frame->data[1], s->palette, PALETTE_COUNT * 4);
814 38 s->frame->palette_has_changed = 1;
815 } else if (avctx->pix_fmt == AV_PIX_FMT_RGB555LE) {
816 if ((res = vqa_decode_frame_hicolor(s, s->frame)) < 0)
817 return res;
818 } else {
819 av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "unsupported pixel format\n");
820 return AVERROR_BUG;
821 }
822
823
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38 if ((res = av_frame_ref(rframe, s->frame)) < 0)
824 return res;
825
826 38 *got_frame = 1;
827
828 /* report that the buffer was completely consumed */
829 38 return avpkt->size;
830 }
831
832 5 static av_cold int vqa_decode_end(AVCodecContext *avctx)
833 {
834 5 VqaContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
835
836 5 av_frame_free(&s->frame);
837 5 av_freep(&s->codebook);
838 5 av_freep(&s->next_codebook_buffer);
839 5 av_freep(&s->decode_buffer);
840
841 5 return 0;
842 }
843
844 static const FFCodecDefault vqa_defaults[] = {
845 { "max_pixels", "640*480" },
846 { NULL },
847 };
848
849 const FFCodec ff_vqa_decoder = {
850 .p.name = "vqavideo",
851 .p.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Westwood Studios VQA (Vector Quantized Animation) video"),
852 .p.type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
853 .p.id = AV_CODEC_ID_WS_VQA,
854 .priv_data_size = sizeof(VqaContext),
855 .init = vqa_decode_init,
856 .close = vqa_decode_end,
857 FF_CODEC_DECODE_CB(vqa_decode_frame),
858 .p.capabilities = AV_CODEC_CAP_DR1,
859 .defaults = vqa_defaults,
860 .caps_internal = FF_CODEC_CAP_INIT_THREADSAFE | FF_CODEC_CAP_INIT_CLEANUP,
861 };
862