FFmpeg coverage


Directory: ../../../ffmpeg/
File: src/libavfilter/vf_chromakey.c
Date: 2022-11-26 13:19:19
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Lines: 0 145 0.0%
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1 /*
2 * Copyright (c) 2015 Timo Rothenpieler <timo@rothenpieler.org>
3 *
4 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
5 *
6 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
7 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
8 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
9 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
10 *
11 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
14 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
15 *
16 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
17 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
18 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
19 */
20
21 #include "libavutil/opt.h"
22 #include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
23 #include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
24 #include "avfilter.h"
25 #include "formats.h"
26 #include "internal.h"
27 #include "video.h"
28
29 typedef struct ChromakeyContext {
30 const AVClass *class;
31
32 uint8_t chromakey_rgba[4];
33 uint16_t chromakey_uv[2];
34
35 float similarity;
36 float blend;
37
38 int is_yuv;
39 int depth;
40 int mid;
41 int max;
42
43 int hsub_log2;
44 int vsub_log2;
45
46 int (*do_slice)(AVFilterContext *ctx, void *arg,
47 int jobnr, int nb_jobs);
48 } ChromakeyContext;
49
50 static uint8_t do_chromakey_pixel(ChromakeyContext *ctx, uint8_t u[9], uint8_t v[9])
51 {
52 double diff = 0.0;
53 int du, dv, i;
54
55 for (i = 0; i < 9; ++i) {
56 du = (int)u[i] - ctx->chromakey_uv[0];
57 dv = (int)v[i] - ctx->chromakey_uv[1];
58
59 diff += sqrt((du * du + dv * dv) / (255.0 * 255.0 * 2));
60 }
61
62 diff /= 9.0;
63
64 if (ctx->blend > 0.0001) {
65 return av_clipd((diff - ctx->similarity) / ctx->blend, 0.0, 1.0) * 255.0;
66 } else {
67 return (diff > ctx->similarity) ? 255 : 0;
68 }
69 }
70
71 static uint16_t do_chromakey_pixel16(ChromakeyContext *ctx, uint16_t u[9], uint16_t v[9])
72 {
73 double max = ctx->max;
74 double diff = 0.0;
75 int du, dv, i;
76
77 for (i = 0; i < 9; ++i) {
78 du = (int)u[i] - ctx->chromakey_uv[0];
79 dv = (int)v[i] - ctx->chromakey_uv[1];
80
81 diff += sqrt((du * du + dv * dv) / (max * max * 2));
82 }
83
84 diff /= 9.0;
85
86 if (ctx->blend > 0.0001) {
87 return av_clipd((diff - ctx->similarity) / ctx->blend, 0.0, 1.0) * max;
88 } else {
89 return (diff > ctx->similarity) ? max : 0;
90 }
91 }
92
93 static av_always_inline void get_pixel_uv(AVFrame *frame, int hsub_log2, int vsub_log2, int x, int y, uint8_t *u, uint8_t *v)
94 {
95 if (x < 0 || x >= frame->width || y < 0 || y >= frame->height)
96 return;
97
98 x >>= hsub_log2;
99 y >>= vsub_log2;
100
101 *u = frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + x];
102 *v = frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + x];
103 }
104
105 static av_always_inline void get_pixel16_uv(AVFrame *frame, int hsub_log2, int vsub_log2, int x, int y, uint16_t *u, uint16_t *v)
106 {
107 if (x < 0 || x >= frame->width || y < 0 || y >= frame->height)
108 return;
109
110 x >>= hsub_log2;
111 y >>= vsub_log2;
112
113 *u = AV_RN16(&frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + 2 * x]);
114 *v = AV_RN16(&frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + 2 * x]);
115 }
116
117 static int do_chromakey_slice(AVFilterContext *avctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
118 {
119 AVFrame *frame = arg;
120
121 const int slice_start = (frame->height * jobnr) / nb_jobs;
122 const int slice_end = (frame->height * (jobnr + 1)) / nb_jobs;
123
124 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
125
126 int x, y, xo, yo;
127 uint8_t u[9], v[9];
128
129 memset(u, ctx->chromakey_uv[0], sizeof(u));
130 memset(v, ctx->chromakey_uv[1], sizeof(v));
131
132 for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; ++y) {
133 for (x = 0; x < frame->width; ++x) {
134 for (yo = 0; yo < 3; ++yo) {
135 for (xo = 0; xo < 3; ++xo) {
136 get_pixel_uv(frame, ctx->hsub_log2, ctx->vsub_log2, x + xo - 1, y + yo - 1, &u[yo * 3 + xo], &v[yo * 3 + xo]);
137 }
138 }
139
140 frame->data[3][frame->linesize[3] * y + x] = do_chromakey_pixel(ctx, u, v);
141 }
142 }
143
144 return 0;
145 }
146
147 static int do_chromakey16_slice(AVFilterContext *avctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
148 {
149 AVFrame *frame = arg;
150
151 const int slice_start = (frame->height * jobnr) / nb_jobs;
152 const int slice_end = (frame->height * (jobnr + 1)) / nb_jobs;
153
154 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
155
156 int x, y, xo, yo;
157 uint16_t u[9], v[9];
158
159 for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) {
160 u[i] = ctx->chromakey_uv[0];
161 v[i] = ctx->chromakey_uv[1];
162 }
163
164 for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; ++y) {
165 for (x = 0; x < frame->width; ++x) {
166 uint16_t *dst = (uint16_t *)(frame->data[3] + frame->linesize[3] * y);
167
168 for (yo = 0; yo < 3; ++yo) {
169 for (xo = 0; xo < 3; ++xo) {
170 get_pixel16_uv(frame, ctx->hsub_log2, ctx->vsub_log2, x + xo - 1, y + yo - 1, &u[yo * 3 + xo], &v[yo * 3 + xo]);
171 }
172 }
173
174 dst[x] = do_chromakey_pixel16(ctx, u, v);
175 }
176 }
177
178 return 0;
179 }
180
181 static int do_chromahold_slice(AVFilterContext *avctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
182 {
183 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
184 AVFrame *frame = arg;
185 const int slice_start = ((frame->height >> ctx->vsub_log2) * jobnr) / nb_jobs;
186 const int slice_end = ((frame->height >> ctx->vsub_log2) * (jobnr + 1)) / nb_jobs;
187
188 int x, y, alpha;
189
190 for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; ++y) {
191 for (x = 0; x < frame->width >> ctx->hsub_log2; ++x) {
192 int u = frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + x];
193 int v = frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + x];
194 double diff;
195 int du, dv;
196
197 du = u - ctx->chromakey_uv[0];
198 dv = v - ctx->chromakey_uv[1];
199
200 diff = sqrt((du * du + dv * dv) / (255.0 * 255.0 * 2.0));
201
202 alpha = diff > ctx->similarity;
203 if (ctx->blend > 0.0001) {
204 double f = 1. - av_clipd((diff - ctx->similarity) / ctx->blend, 0.0, 1.0);
205
206 frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + x] = 128 + (u - 128) * f;
207 frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + x] = 128 + (v - 128) * f;
208 } else if (alpha) {
209 frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + x] = 128;
210 frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + x] = 128;
211 }
212 }
213 }
214
215 return 0;
216 }
217
218 static int do_chromahold16_slice(AVFilterContext *avctx, void *arg, int jobnr, int nb_jobs)
219 {
220 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
221 AVFrame *frame = arg;
222 const int slice_start = ((frame->height >> ctx->vsub_log2) * jobnr) / nb_jobs;
223 const int slice_end = ((frame->height >> ctx->vsub_log2) * (jobnr + 1)) / nb_jobs;
224 const int mid = ctx->mid;
225 double max = ctx->max;
226
227 int x, y, alpha;
228
229 for (y = slice_start; y < slice_end; ++y) {
230 for (x = 0; x < frame->width >> ctx->hsub_log2; ++x) {
231 int u = AV_RN16(&frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + 2 * x]);
232 int v = AV_RN16(&frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + 2 * x]);
233 double diff;
234 int du, dv;
235
236 du = u - ctx->chromakey_uv[0];
237 dv = v - ctx->chromakey_uv[1];
238
239 diff = sqrt((du * du + dv * dv) / (max * max * 2.0));
240
241 alpha = diff > ctx->similarity;
242 if (ctx->blend > 0.0001) {
243 double f = 1. - av_clipd((diff - ctx->similarity) / ctx->blend, 0.0, 1.0);
244
245 AV_WN16(&frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + 2 * x], mid + (u - mid) * f);
246 AV_WN16(&frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + 2 * x], mid + (v - mid) * f);
247 } else if (alpha) {
248 AV_WN16(&frame->data[1][frame->linesize[1] * y + 2 * x], mid);
249 AV_WN16(&frame->data[2][frame->linesize[2] * y + 2 * x], mid);
250 }
251 }
252 }
253
254 return 0;
255 }
256
257 static int filter_frame(AVFilterLink *link, AVFrame *frame)
258 {
259 AVFilterContext *avctx = link->dst;
260 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
261 int res;
262
263 if (res = ff_filter_execute(avctx, ctx->do_slice, frame, NULL,
264 FFMIN(frame->height, ff_filter_get_nb_threads(avctx))))
265 return res;
266
267 return ff_filter_frame(avctx->outputs[0], frame);
268 }
269
270 #define FIXNUM(x) lrint((x) * (1 << 10))
271 #define RGB_TO_U(rgb) (((- FIXNUM(0.16874) * rgb[0] - FIXNUM(0.33126) * rgb[1] + FIXNUM(0.50000) * rgb[2] + (1 << 9) - 1) >> 10) + 128)
272 #define RGB_TO_V(rgb) ((( FIXNUM(0.50000) * rgb[0] - FIXNUM(0.41869) * rgb[1] - FIXNUM(0.08131) * rgb[2] + (1 << 9) - 1) >> 10) + 128)
273
274 static av_cold int config_output(AVFilterLink *outlink)
275 {
276 const AVPixFmtDescriptor *desc = av_pix_fmt_desc_get(outlink->format);
277 AVFilterContext *avctx = outlink->src;
278 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
279 int factor;
280
281 ctx->depth = desc->comp[0].depth;
282 ctx->mid = 1 << (ctx->depth - 1);
283 ctx->max = (1 << ctx->depth) - 1;
284
285 factor = 1 << (ctx->depth - 8);
286
287 if (ctx->is_yuv) {
288 ctx->chromakey_uv[0] = ctx->chromakey_rgba[1] * factor;
289 ctx->chromakey_uv[1] = ctx->chromakey_rgba[2] * factor;
290 } else {
291 ctx->chromakey_uv[0] = RGB_TO_U(ctx->chromakey_rgba) * factor;
292 ctx->chromakey_uv[1] = RGB_TO_V(ctx->chromakey_rgba) * factor;
293 }
294
295 if (!strcmp(avctx->filter->name, "chromakey")) {
296 ctx->do_slice = ctx->depth <= 8 ? do_chromakey_slice : do_chromakey16_slice;
297 } else {
298 ctx->do_slice = ctx->depth <= 8 ? do_chromahold_slice: do_chromahold16_slice;
299 }
300
301 return 0;
302 }
303
304 static av_cold int config_input(AVFilterLink *inlink)
305 {
306 AVFilterContext *avctx = inlink->dst;
307 ChromakeyContext *ctx = avctx->priv;
308 const AVPixFmtDescriptor *desc = av_pix_fmt_desc_get(inlink->format);
309
310 ctx->hsub_log2 = desc->log2_chroma_w;
311 ctx->vsub_log2 = desc->log2_chroma_h;
312
313 return 0;
314 }
315
316 static int process_command(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *cmd, const char *args,
317 char *res, int res_len, int flags)
318 {
319 int ret;
320
321 ret = ff_filter_process_command(ctx, cmd, args, res, res_len, flags);
322 if (ret < 0)
323 return ret;
324
325 return config_output(ctx->outputs[0]);
326 }
327
328 static const AVFilterPad chromakey_inputs[] = {
329 {
330 .name = "default",
331 .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
332 .flags = AVFILTERPAD_FLAG_NEEDS_WRITABLE,
333 .filter_frame = filter_frame,
334 .config_props = config_input,
335 },
336 };
337
338 static const AVFilterPad chromakey_outputs[] = {
339 {
340 .name = "default",
341 .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
342 .config_props = config_output,
343 },
344 };
345
346 #define OFFSET(x) offsetof(ChromakeyContext, x)
347 #define FLAGS AV_OPT_FLAG_FILTERING_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_RUNTIME_PARAM
348
349 static const AVOption chromakey_options[] = {
350 { "color", "set the chromakey key color", OFFSET(chromakey_rgba), AV_OPT_TYPE_COLOR, { .str = "black" }, 0, 0, FLAGS },
351 { "similarity", "set the chromakey similarity value", OFFSET(similarity), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, { .dbl = 0.01 }, 0.00001, 1.0, FLAGS },
352 { "blend", "set the chromakey key blend value", OFFSET(blend), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, { .dbl = 0.0 }, 0.0, 1.0, FLAGS },
353 { "yuv", "color parameter is in yuv instead of rgb", OFFSET(is_yuv), AV_OPT_TYPE_BOOL, { .i64 = 0 }, 0, 1, FLAGS },
354 { NULL }
355 };
356
357 static const enum AVPixelFormat chromakey_fmts[] = {
358 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P,
359 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P,
360 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P,
361 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P9, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P9, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P9,
362 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P10, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P10, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P10,
363 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P12, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P12,
364 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P16, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P16, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P16,
365 AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
366 };
367
368 AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(chromakey);
369
370 const AVFilter ff_vf_chromakey = {
371 .name = "chromakey",
372 .description = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Turns a certain color into transparency. Operates on YUV colors."),
373 .priv_size = sizeof(ChromakeyContext),
374 .priv_class = &chromakey_class,
375 FILTER_INPUTS(chromakey_inputs),
376 FILTER_OUTPUTS(chromakey_outputs),
377 FILTER_PIXFMTS_ARRAY(chromakey_fmts),
378 .flags = AVFILTER_FLAG_SUPPORT_TIMELINE_GENERIC | AVFILTER_FLAG_SLICE_THREADS,
379 .process_command = process_command,
380 };
381
382 static const AVOption chromahold_options[] = {
383 { "color", "set the chromahold key color", OFFSET(chromakey_rgba), AV_OPT_TYPE_COLOR, { .str = "black" }, 0, 0, FLAGS },
384 { "similarity", "set the chromahold similarity value", OFFSET(similarity), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, { .dbl = 0.01 }, 0.00001, 1.0, FLAGS },
385 { "blend", "set the chromahold blend value", OFFSET(blend), AV_OPT_TYPE_FLOAT, { .dbl = 0.0 }, 0.0, 1.0, FLAGS },
386 { "yuv", "color parameter is in yuv instead of rgb", OFFSET(is_yuv), AV_OPT_TYPE_BOOL, { .i64 = 0 }, 0, 1, FLAGS },
387 { NULL }
388 };
389
390 static const AVFilterPad chromahold_inputs[] = {
391 {
392 .name = "default",
393 .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
394 .flags = AVFILTERPAD_FLAG_NEEDS_WRITABLE,
395 .filter_frame = filter_frame,
396 .config_props = config_input,
397 },
398 };
399
400 static const AVFilterPad chromahold_outputs[] = {
401 {
402 .name = "default",
403 .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
404 .config_props = config_output,
405 },
406 };
407
408 static const enum AVPixelFormat hold_pixel_fmts[] = {
409 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P,
410 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P,
411 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P,
412 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P,
413 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P,
414 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P,
415 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P9, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P9, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P9,
416 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P10, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P10, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P10,
417 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P12, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P12, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P12,
418 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P14, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P14, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P14,
419 AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P16, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P16, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P16,
420 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P9, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P9, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P9,
421 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P10, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P10, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P10,
422 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P12, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P12,
423 AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P16, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA422P16, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA444P16,
424 AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
425 };
426
427 AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(chromahold);
428
429 const AVFilter ff_vf_chromahold = {
430 .name = "chromahold",
431 .description = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Turns a certain color range into gray."),
432 .priv_size = sizeof(ChromakeyContext),
433 .priv_class = &chromahold_class,
434 FILTER_INPUTS(chromahold_inputs),
435 FILTER_OUTPUTS(chromahold_outputs),
436 FILTER_PIXFMTS_ARRAY(hold_pixel_fmts),
437 .flags = AVFILTER_FLAG_SUPPORT_TIMELINE_GENERIC | AVFILTER_FLAG_SLICE_THREADS,
438 .process_command = process_command,
439 };
440