FFmpeg coverage


Directory: ../../../ffmpeg/
File: src/libavutil/avutil.h
Date: 2024-02-29 09:57:37
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1 /*
2 * copyright (c) 2006 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
3 *
4 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
5 *
6 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
7 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
8 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
9 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
10 *
11 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
14 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
15 *
16 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
17 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
18 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
19 */
20
21 #ifndef AVUTIL_AVUTIL_H
22 #define AVUTIL_AVUTIL_H
23
24 /**
25 * @file
26 * @ingroup lavu
27 * Convenience header that includes @ref lavu "libavutil"'s core.
28 */
29
30 /**
31 * @mainpage
32 *
33 * @section ffmpeg_intro Introduction
34 *
35 * This document describes the usage of the different libraries
36 * provided by FFmpeg.
37 *
38 * @li @ref libavc "libavcodec" encoding/decoding library
39 * @li @ref lavfi "libavfilter" graph-based frame editing library
40 * @li @ref libavf "libavformat" I/O and muxing/demuxing library
41 * @li @ref lavd "libavdevice" special devices muxing/demuxing library
42 * @li @ref lavu "libavutil" common utility library
43 * @li @ref lswr "libswresample" audio resampling, format conversion and mixing
44 * @li @ref lpp "libpostproc" post processing library
45 * @li @ref libsws "libswscale" color conversion and scaling library
46 *
47 * @section ffmpeg_versioning Versioning and compatibility
48 *
49 * Each of the FFmpeg libraries contains a version.h header, which defines a
50 * major, minor and micro version number with the
51 * <em>LIBRARYNAME_VERSION_{MAJOR,MINOR,MICRO}</em> macros. The major version
52 * number is incremented with backward incompatible changes - e.g. removing
53 * parts of the public API, reordering public struct members, etc. The minor
54 * version number is incremented for backward compatible API changes or major
55 * new features - e.g. adding a new public function or a new decoder. The micro
56 * version number is incremented for smaller changes that a calling program
57 * might still want to check for - e.g. changing behavior in a previously
58 * unspecified situation.
59 *
60 * FFmpeg guarantees backward API and ABI compatibility for each library as long
61 * as its major version number is unchanged. This means that no public symbols
62 * will be removed or renamed. Types and names of the public struct members and
63 * values of public macros and enums will remain the same (unless they were
64 * explicitly declared as not part of the public API). Documented behavior will
65 * not change.
66 *
67 * In other words, any correct program that works with a given FFmpeg snapshot
68 * should work just as well without any changes with any later snapshot with the
69 * same major versions. This applies to both rebuilding the program against new
70 * FFmpeg versions or to replacing the dynamic FFmpeg libraries that a program
71 * links against.
72 *
73 * However, new public symbols may be added and new members may be appended to
74 * public structs whose size is not part of public ABI (most public structs in
75 * FFmpeg). New macros and enum values may be added. Behavior in undocumented
76 * situations may change slightly (and be documented). All those are accompanied
77 * by an entry in doc/APIchanges and incrementing either the minor or micro
78 * version number.
79 */
80
81 /**
82 * @defgroup lavu libavutil
83 * Common code shared across all FFmpeg libraries.
84 *
85 * @note
86 * libavutil is designed to be modular. In most cases, in order to use the
87 * functions provided by one component of libavutil you must explicitly include
88 * the specific header containing that feature. If you are only using
89 * media-related components, you could simply include libavutil/avutil.h, which
90 * brings in most of the "core" components.
91 *
92 * @{
93 *
94 * @defgroup lavu_crypto Crypto and Hashing
95 *
96 * @{
97 * @}
98 *
99 * @defgroup lavu_math Mathematics
100 * @{
101 *
102 * @}
103 *
104 * @defgroup lavu_string String Manipulation
105 *
106 * @{
107 *
108 * @}
109 *
110 * @defgroup lavu_mem Memory Management
111 *
112 * @{
113 *
114 * @}
115 *
116 * @defgroup lavu_data Data Structures
117 * @{
118 *
119 * @}
120 *
121 * @defgroup lavu_video Video related
122 *
123 * @{
124 *
125 * @}
126 *
127 * @defgroup lavu_audio Audio related
128 *
129 * @{
130 *
131 * @}
132 *
133 * @defgroup lavu_error Error Codes
134 *
135 * @{
136 *
137 * @}
138 *
139 * @defgroup lavu_log Logging Facility
140 *
141 * @{
142 *
143 * @}
144 *
145 * @defgroup lavu_misc Other
146 *
147 * @{
148 *
149 * @defgroup preproc_misc Preprocessor String Macros
150 *
151 * @{
152 *
153 * @}
154 *
155 * @defgroup version_utils Library Version Macros
156 *
157 * @{
158 *
159 * @}
160 */
161
162
163 /**
164 * @addtogroup lavu_ver
165 * @{
166 */
167
168 /**
169 * Return the LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT constant.
170 */
171 unsigned avutil_version(void);
172
173 /**
174 * Return an informative version string. This usually is the actual release
175 * version number or a git commit description. This string has no fixed format
176 * and can change any time. It should never be parsed by code.
177 */
178 const char *av_version_info(void);
179
180 /**
181 * Return the libavutil build-time configuration.
182 */
183 const char *avutil_configuration(void);
184
185 /**
186 * Return the libavutil license.
187 */
188 const char *avutil_license(void);
189
190 /**
191 * @}
192 */
193
194 /**
195 * @addtogroup lavu_media Media Type
196 * @brief Media Type
197 */
198
199 enum AVMediaType {
200 AVMEDIA_TYPE_UNKNOWN = -1, ///< Usually treated as AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA
201 AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
202 AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
203 AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA, ///< Opaque data information usually continuous
204 AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE,
205 AVMEDIA_TYPE_ATTACHMENT, ///< Opaque data information usually sparse
206 AVMEDIA_TYPE_NB
207 };
208
209 /**
210 * Return a string describing the media_type enum, NULL if media_type
211 * is unknown.
212 */
213 const char *av_get_media_type_string(enum AVMediaType media_type);
214
215 /**
216 * @defgroup lavu_const Constants
217 * @{
218 *
219 * @defgroup lavu_enc Encoding specific
220 *
221 * @note those definition should move to avcodec
222 * @{
223 */
224
225 #define FF_LAMBDA_SHIFT 7
226 #define FF_LAMBDA_SCALE (1<<FF_LAMBDA_SHIFT)
227 #define FF_QP2LAMBDA 118 ///< factor to convert from H.263 QP to lambda
228 #define FF_LAMBDA_MAX (256*128-1)
229
230 #define FF_QUALITY_SCALE FF_LAMBDA_SCALE //FIXME maybe remove
231
232 /**
233 * @}
234 * @defgroup lavu_time Timestamp specific
235 *
236 * FFmpeg internal timebase and timestamp definitions
237 *
238 * @{
239 */
240
241 /**
242 * @brief Undefined timestamp value
243 *
244 * Usually reported by demuxer that work on containers that do not provide
245 * either pts or dts.
246 */
247
248 #define AV_NOPTS_VALUE ((int64_t)UINT64_C(0x8000000000000000))
249
250 /**
251 * Internal time base represented as integer
252 */
253
254 #define AV_TIME_BASE 1000000
255
256 /**
257 * Internal time base represented as fractional value
258 */
259
260 #ifdef __cplusplus
261 /* ISO C++ forbids compound-literals. */
262 #define AV_TIME_BASE_Q av_make_q(1, AV_TIME_BASE)
263 #else
264 #define AV_TIME_BASE_Q (AVRational){1, AV_TIME_BASE}
265 #endif
266
267 /**
268 * @}
269 * @}
270 * @defgroup lavu_picture Image related
271 *
272 * AVPicture types, pixel formats and basic image planes manipulation.
273 *
274 * @{
275 */
276
277 enum AVPictureType {
278 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_NONE = 0, ///< Undefined
279 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_I, ///< Intra
280 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_P, ///< Predicted
281 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_B, ///< Bi-dir predicted
282 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_S, ///< S(GMC)-VOP MPEG-4
283 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_SI, ///< Switching Intra
284 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_SP, ///< Switching Predicted
285 AV_PICTURE_TYPE_BI, ///< BI type
286 };
287
288 /**
289 * Return a single letter to describe the given picture type
290 * pict_type.
291 *
292 * @param[in] pict_type the picture type @return a single character
293 * representing the picture type, '?' if pict_type is unknown
294 */
295 char av_get_picture_type_char(enum AVPictureType pict_type);
296
297 /**
298 * @}
299 */
300
301 #include "common.h"
302 #include "rational.h"
303 #include "version.h"
304 #include "macros.h"
305 #include "mathematics.h"
306 #include "log.h"
307 #include "pixfmt.h"
308
309 /**
310 * Return x default pointer in case p is NULL.
311 */
312 9779 static inline void *av_x_if_null(const void *p, const void *x)
313 {
314
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9779 return (void *)(intptr_t)(p ? p : x);
315 }
316
317 /**
318 * Compute the length of an integer list.
319 *
320 * @param elsize size in bytes of each list element (only 1, 2, 4 or 8)
321 * @param term list terminator (usually 0 or -1)
322 * @param list pointer to the list
323 * @return length of the list, in elements, not counting the terminator
324 */
325 unsigned av_int_list_length_for_size(unsigned elsize,
326 const void *list, uint64_t term) av_pure;
327
328 /**
329 * Compute the length of an integer list.
330 *
331 * @param term list terminator (usually 0 or -1)
332 * @param list pointer to the list
333 * @return length of the list, in elements, not counting the terminator
334 */
335 #define av_int_list_length(list, term) \
336 av_int_list_length_for_size(sizeof(*(list)), list, term)
337
338 #if FF_API_AV_FOPEN_UTF8
339 /**
340 * Open a file using a UTF-8 filename.
341 * The API of this function matches POSIX fopen(), errors are returned through
342 * errno.
343 * @deprecated Avoid using it, as on Windows, the FILE* allocated by this
344 * function may be allocated with a different CRT than the caller
345 * who uses the FILE*. No replacement provided in public API.
346 */
347 attribute_deprecated
348 FILE *av_fopen_utf8(const char *path, const char *mode);
349 #endif
350
351 /**
352 * Return the fractional representation of the internal time base.
353 */
354 AVRational av_get_time_base_q(void);
355
356 #define AV_FOURCC_MAX_STRING_SIZE 32
357
358 #define av_fourcc2str(fourcc) av_fourcc_make_string((char[AV_FOURCC_MAX_STRING_SIZE]){0}, fourcc)
359
360 /**
361 * Fill the provided buffer with a string containing a FourCC (four-character
362 * code) representation.
363 *
364 * @param buf a buffer with size in bytes of at least AV_FOURCC_MAX_STRING_SIZE
365 * @param fourcc the fourcc to represent
366 * @return the buffer in input
367 */
368 char *av_fourcc_make_string(char *buf, uint32_t fourcc);
369
370 /**
371 * @}
372 * @}
373 */
374
375 #endif /* AVUTIL_AVUTIL_H */
376